Seasonal influenza national association of school nurses. The michigan department of health and human services mdhhs seasonal influenza is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. Public health england gateway number 2018805 pdf, 8kb, 27 pages this file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology. Influenza a is subtyped by hemagglutinin h and neuraminidase n glycoproteins. Flu vaccination is an important preventive tool for people with chronic health. Healthcare practitioners should refer to the green book influenza. Vaccination is the most effective form of influenza prevention. Immunisation against infectious disease the green book, 2014.
Influenza, commonly known as the flu, is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus. In 201920, seasonal influenza vaccine uptake data will continue to be collected on frontline healthcare workers hcws involved with direct patient care from all nhs trusts, including acute, mental health, ambulance, care and foundation. Most healthy adults may be able to infect others beginning 1 day before symptoms develop and up to 57 days after becoming sick. This guideline will also be used to develop the nice quality standard for flu. The current recommendations for seasonal influenza vaccine in the influenza chapter of the green book. This treatment summary topic describes influenza vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines are available through personal health care providers and local pharmacies. Green book 3 and in the annual flu letter for 2018192. Characterised by upper and lower respiratory tract symptoms of rhinorrhoea, cough, fever, chills, headache, and myalgia.
Niosh works with centers for disease control and prevention cdc colleagues and other partners to provide science based information on how to minimize workrelated risks of catching influenza flu. Influenza is a highly infectious, viral infection of the respiratory tract. Annual national flu programme letter 2019 to 2020 nhs england. Influenza is usually self limiting in healthy individuals, with recovery in 37 days. Annual vaccine is prepared in advance of the influenza season. Influenza causes significant loss of workdays, human suffering, and m. Seasonal influenza frontline healthcare workers vaccine uptake survey 201920 guidance. Seasonal influenza refers to the limited periodic outbreaks of respiratory illness that typically occur in the fall and winter in the united states. Overview and map of current influenza activity in the u. Influenza vaccine treatment summary bnf content published by.
Promote and administer seasonal influenza vaccine annual vaccination is the most important measure to prevent seasonal influenza infection. Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent influenza 1. The major influenza virus that was prevalent during that season was influenza anew caledonia h1n1, a strain that was included in the available vaccine. Three types of flu vaccine will be used in the adult flu vaccination programme. The most current information on seasonal influenza activity can be found on the cdc influenza website. Antiviral medications with activity against influenza viruses are useful adjuncts in the prevention of influenza, and effective when used early in the course of illness for treatment. Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent influenza 1 more dangerous than you might think. Given that seasonal influenza vaccines are safe and effective, all persons aged 6 months or above except those with. The pages listed below offer public health and health care professionals key information about vaccination, infection control, prevention, treatment, and diagnosis of seasonal influenza. For staff flu immunisation programme 201920 nhsggc.
Green book does not recommend the use of any specific vaccine over another in adults. Prevention strategies for seasonal influenza in healthcare. Influenza vaccine will continue to be offered to children in at risk groups but the upper. Apart from vaccination and antiviral treatment the public health management includes personal protective measures. The flu chapter of the green book has been updated to reflect the latest guidance from the joint committee on vaccination and immunisation in readiness for the 2015 to 2016 influenza season. Can occur in local community outbreaks, epidemics, and, rarely, pandemics. Seasonal influenza is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. Preventing seasonal flu with vaccination, centers for disease control and prevention. Use the flu finder feature on the cdc influenza website to find the flu vaccine near you. Recommendations of the advisory committee on immunization practices united states, 202014. Prevention and control of seasonal influenza with vaccines recommendations of the advisory committee on immunization practices united states, 201617 influenza season. Centers for disease control and prevention cdc prevention and control of seasonal influenza with vaccines. In the uk, people usually get seasonal flu between december and march, although outbreaks can happen as early as october and as late as may. Prevention and control of seasonal influenza with vaccines the aafp recommends that physicians offer influenza vaccination as soon as it becomes available each year and continue to provide the.
Influenza is an acute viral infection of the respiratory tract that spreads easily from person to person. Centers for disease control and prevention criteria for influenzalike illness temperature. Prevention of seasonal influenza centre for health. Influenza flu is a respiratory illness that can be serious, sometimes leading to hospitalization and even death. Seasonal influenza is a preventable infectious disease with mostly respiratory symptoms. While most people have some immunity to the circulating strains of the virus, annual influenza vaccine is recommended. In the united kingdom immunisation for influenza for certain groups. American lung association ala of connecticut webbased searchable database for public flu clinics.
Follow four steps to protect yourself and your loved ones from flu. This can be used by clinicians working in any sector of. In the united states, flu season occurs in the fall and winter. Pebody r, warburton f, ellis j, andrews n, potts a, cottrell s, et al. Englishfrench seasonal influenza is an acute viral disease of the respiratory tract transmitted via aerosols or contaminated surfaces from infected people. Specific advice on which vaccine to purchase each season will be published in the annual influenza letter see page 6 on annual flu communications. The remaining modules then present a stepbystep approach to clinical management. Seasonal variation in sunlight exposure, which is required for vitamin d synthesis within the body, has been proposed as one of the factors accounting for the seasonality of influenza. The vaccine is safe and effective in preventing seasonal influenza and its complications. It begins with basic epidemiological and clinical characteristics, including surveillance as a background. Seasonal influenza is a vaccinepreventable disease that each year infects approximately 10 to 30 % of europes population, and causes hundreds of thousands of hospitalisations across europe. The centers for disease control and prevention cdc defines ili as.
Prevention and treatment of seasonal influenza nejm. Influenza a and influenza b are responsible for most clinical illness. Among participants with influenza, only 47 31 % met the u. For additional information about the flu, visit the cdc influenza website. Influenza is highly infectious with a usual incubation period of one to three days. Alternatively, a rapid schedule of two doses on days 0 and 7 can be used. Immunisation by nurses and other health professionals. It has a marketing authorisation for postexposure prophylaxis in people 1 year of age or older following contact with a clinically diagnosed influenza case when influenza virus is. The disease is characterised by the sudden onset of fever, chills, headache, myalgia and extreme fatigue. The annual number of influenzaassociated respiratory deaths was highest among people younger than 65 years 175 303 deaths, 95% cri 67 255342 576accounting for 42% of all global influenzaassociated respiratory deathsand people older than 75 years 172 420, 122 876237 933accounting for 41% of all global influenzaassociated. Flu vaccination has been shown to prevent flu illnesses, doctors visits and hospitalizations and can. Children may pass the virus for longer than 7 days.
Inactivated influenza vaccine information for healthcare practitioners. Hps website green book chapter on influenza updated. Effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccine for adults and. Place in therapy and clinical benefits over intramuscular vaccine. Influenza vaccination is the most critical measure for preventing seasonal influenza. Effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccine in preventing laboratoryconfirmed influenza in primary care in the united kingdom. Seasonal influenza frontline healthcare workers vaccine. Find information on coronavirus disease 2019 covid19. The influenza a and b viruses that routinely spread in people are responsible for seasonal flu epidemics each year. The recent updates include changes to the asthma and egg allergy sections and added information on newly licensed influenza vaccines. Four influenza antiviral agents are licensed in the united states. People at high risk of developing flurelated complications, centers for disease control and prevention. This course provides a general introduction to the disease and is intended for personnel involved in seasonal influenza outbreak preparedness and.
Coverage data and past trends of flu vaccination coverage in the u. Please be sure and check the details section of each listing for any special requirements for the clinic. The government resource immunisation against infectious disease the green book. The centers for disease control and prevention maintains current information on influenza flu. Influenza can cause serious illnesses in highrisk individuals and even healthy persons. Its estimated that about 1 in 18 children, 1 in 38 elderly and 1 in 45 adults 3 who get influenzalike illnesses will. People tend to get it around the same time every year. Both can cause mild to severe illness with symptoms including fever, sore throat, runny nose, muscle aches, headache, coughing and general fatigue. Vaccines for the prevention of seasonal influenza in. Flu vaccine and egg allergy green book guidance for staff. These symptoms typically begin two days after exposure to the virus and most last less than a week. Seasonal flu influenza is an infection caused by a virus that can affect your nose, throat and lungs. It is caused by influenza virus and is easily transmitted, predominantly via the droplet and contact routes and by indirect spread from respiratory secretions on hands etc. The mdhhs seasonal influenza web page has information on influenza activity, influenza vaccination, and resources for specific groups including health professionals and clinical laboratories.
The green book has the latest information on vaccines and vaccination procedures, for vaccine preventable. Seasonal influenza seasonal influenza is an acute illness of the respiratory tract caused by influenza viruses it is usually more common in periods from january to marchapril and from july to august in hong kong three types of seasonal influenza viruses are recognised to cause human infection, namely a. The rapid schedule may be used in all age groups from two months of. Influenza, one of the most common infectious diseases, is a highly contagious airborne disease that occurs in seasonal epidemics and manifests as an acute febrile illness with variable degrees of systemic symptoms, ranging from mild fatigue to respiratory failure and death. Elderly people, children under 6 months old, pregnant women, and people with chronic conditions or immunosuppression are at increased risk of complications. Influenza immunisation information including updates for public. For more information about pandemic influenza, send us an email or phone 619 6928499. It prevents viral release from infected cells and subsequent infection of adjacent cells. A metaanalysis of studies indicated some support for adjunctive vitamin d therapy for influenza, but called for more rigorous clinical trials to settle the. This short, intermediatelevel course is for frontline health workers caring for patients with suspected or confirmed seasonal influenza infection. For more information on seasonal flu and vaccines, phone 866 3582966.1207 723 156 492 1140 358 371 550 966 136 444 639 660 742 839 712 1392 856 529 1385 578 934 1449 466 635 1221 131 1118 1056 1378 645 736 679 1464 1156